The Seven Principals of Faith for Bnei NoachAccording to Rabbi Yitzchak Ginsburgh, in his book: 'Kabbalah and Meditation for the Nations'
The 13 Principles of the Jewish (& Noachide) FaithAccording to HaRav Moshe Ben Maimon (AKA: the Rambam or Rabbi Moses Maimonides, See: www.Chabad.org/Maimonides) The RAMBAM, in his commentary on the Mishnah (Sanhedrin, chap. 10), refers to these 'Shloshah-Asar Ikkarim' or thirteen principles of faith as "the fundamental truths of our religion and its very foundations."
שלשה עשר עקרים של אמונת היהודי
From the Singer Siddur:
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is the Creator and Guide of everything that has been created, and that He alone has made, does make, and will make all things.
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is One, and that there is no oneness like His in any way; and that He alone is our G-d, who was, is, and ever will be.
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is not a physical body, and no physical phenomena can apply to Him, and that He has no form whatsoever.
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is the first and is the last.
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is the only one to whom it is proper to pray, and that it is not proper to pray to anyone else.
- I believe with perfect faith that all the words of the prophets are true.
- I believe with perfect faith that the prophecy of Moses our teacher, peace be to him, was true, and that he was the father of all the prophets, both of those who preceded him and of those who followed him.
- I believe with perfect faith that the entire Torah which we now possess is the same that was given to Moses our teacher, peace be to him.
- I believe with perfect faith that this Torah will not be changed, nor will there be any other Torah from the Creator, blessed be His name.
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, knows all the actions and thoughts of human beings, as it is said, It is He who fashions the hearts of them all, who discerns all their actions. (Psalms 33:15)
- I believe with perfect faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, rewards those who keep His commandments, and punishes those who transgress His commandments.
- I believe with perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah, and, though he tarry, I wait daily for his coming.
- I believe with perfect faith that there will be a resurrection of the dead at the time when it will please the Creator, blessed be His name and exalted be His mention for ever and ever.
Articles of Faith (other sources)
- God is and rules;
- God is one;
- the world was created;
- Creation is one;
- God's providence rules Creation.
- The world is created;
- God is one and incorporeal;
- belief in revelation (including the divine origin of tradition);
- man is called to righteousness and endowed with all necessary qualities of mind and soul to avoid sin;
- belief in reward and punishment:
- the soul is created pure; after death it leaves the body;
- belief in resurrection;
- Messianic expectation, retribution, and final judgment.
- God's knowledge of his creatures;
- God's providence;
- God's power;
- human freewill; and
- the belief that the Torah leads to man's true hope and ultimate bliss.
- the immortality of the soul;
- reward and punishment;
- the immutability of the Torah;
- Moses' God-given authority;
- the belief that the High Priest had the oracle of Urim and Thummim; and
- the Messiah.
- beliefs implied in prayer and the blessings of the priests;
- beliefs implied in repentance; and
- beliefs implied in Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) and other Jewish festivals.
- Is the world eternal?
- Are there many worlds?
- Are the spheres living creatures?
- Have the stars an influence over human destiny?
- Is there any efficacy to charms and amulets?
- Do demons exist?
- Is the doctrine of metempsychosis true?
- Is the soul of an infant immortal?
- Paradise and Hell.
- Are the mystical doctrines of Maaseh Bereshit (work of creation), and Maaseh Merkavah (work of the heavenly chariot) to be identified with physics and metaphysics?
- The nature of comprehension.
- The First Cause.
- Can the true nature of God be understood?
- Comprehension of God's unity,
- His incorporeality,
- His eternity,
- and of the fact of His being the object of man's worship.
- Comprehension of prophecy,
- of Moses as supreme authority,
- of the divine origin and immutability of the Law.
- Comprehension of the divine judgment and of Resurrection.
- divine unity;
- divine incorporeality;
- God's independence from time; and
- divine perfection.
- God's knowledge as embracing the terrestrial world;
- prophecy; and
- the authenticity of divine messengers proclaiming the law.
- creatio ex nihilo;
- the superiority of Moses' prophecy;
- the immutability of the Torah;
- human perfection can be attained by fulfilling even one of the commandments of the Torah;
- the resurrection of the dead; and
- the Messiah.
- that God is one;
- that He governs the world;
- that in the end all mankind will believe in His unity.
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